Science of Cars

Automotive engineering and mechanical science

How To Get The Best Possible New Car Deal

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Buying a new a car is an exciting process, though one needs to do a lot of homework, and carry out extensive research to get the best deal, and not get cheated in any manner. The process consists of few simple steps. If these are carried out properly, one can buy the car one desires, at the suitable price, or alternatively even avail a deal consisting of a price that is even lower than expected.

Step 1:
To purchase a new car begin by narrowing down the list of cars one wants to purchase. Finalize on two or three of the makes and models one likes. For doing this, visit trusted sites and check out the safety rating of the particular model.

Step 2:
Make a final list of the probable options one is likely to consider seriously i.e. sedan (4 doors), coupe (2 doors), wagon etc. This should be decided on the bases of the actual best new cars or price of the model.

Step 3:
Visit the dealers website and choose the option of “design my own vehicle”. Search for your favorite interior as well as exterior colors, and also choose the features which one desires in the car. After this, find the dealers cost of the car by taking the help of directions available on the website. This information is very useful and important so it is recommended you take the necessary prints outs, or paste it in a word processor or similar software by taking a snapshot and pasting it in for future reference. Further one can also add the desired accessories, and follow the same process to determine the cars cost. By doing this for every car, one would actually realize weather one still wants the particular car one had in mind, or go in for some other model.

Step 4:
Take a test drive of each model having the required features one is interested in. For example if one wishes to drive a four door, make sure that the dealer does not let one drive a two door model. Ride the exact model you are interested in. Cars with the same make but different year of manufacture can differ to a great extent in their designs. Also find out from the dealer the lowest prices available for ones “must have” preferences. This can also be found out from the sticker on the cars window.

It is recommended to be polite but firm while negotiating with the sales person regarding the price and the features associated with the desired car. Buying cheapest new car is a big investment, and hence one should take all the time one wants before reaching to any decision. Clarify the deadline of the purchase to the salesman, and also that the purchase will only be done where the best price is available. An individual should not get pressurized to buy the car the same day, one can always postpone the purchase. Avail a quote of all the best prices offered by the sales person for the individuals preferred options. If the quote is not available, make the necessary notes for the purpose of comparing the prices.

Step 5:
Search and avail an internet quote by surfing different websites. Search for all the cheap new cars for sale. Generally these sites give the quote of the basic models without the accessories or added features. This is the time when one must use the earlier research carried out. Save these online quotes and call up these online dealers to avail the prices of ones preferred accessories. Note all this down.

Step 6:
By now one has finalized on the car one wants. One should go to the nearest dealer with all the related paperwork. Show the sales person the lowest available quote one has got online, and ask for a better offer. If not, then at least a quote equal to the existing one. If the sales person agrees, and is ready to add some freebies which one prefers as a compensation for the price difference, be ready to buy the car! If the sales representative does not agree, then go to the dealer who has offered the best quote on internet. This can save you a considerable amount of money.

Top 3 Ways Honda Improved Fuel Efficiency of Its I-vtec Engine

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Honda, a leading Indian car manufacturer, had introduced a revolutionary car engine in the global car market. The engine was designed to meet the increasing demand of improved performance and fuel-efficiency. The new engine was first fitted in the Honda Civic to achieve a perfect blend of power, performance, and fuel-efficiency.


After the engine was fitted in the Civic, it was modified and altered to have better power and performance. The evolution of the VTEC engine proved a blessing when fitted in the all-new Honda City. The intelligent VTEC (Variable Valve Timing and Electronic Lift Control) system ensures maximum efficiency by switching the valve timings of inlet and exhaust valves of the car engine. It is also considered to be one of the best engines that deliver powerful, torque performance and excellent mileage.


The all-new Honda City with the advanced i-VTEC engine carves its own niche in the Indian car market. It has been a great success in winning hearts of car consumers. It is designed with innovative technologies and technical precision that ensures excellence in all arenas including driving pleasure, engine performance, and low fuel-consumption.


The key factor that contributed to the success of the new City is its powerful and effective i-VTEC engine. Honda’s engineers have fine tuned every engine component of the car engine make its more efficient than the traditional car engines.


Following are the top 3 ways Honda improved fuel-efficiency of its i-VTEC engine:


Patterned Piston Coating


One of the best ways to improve fuel-efficiency is to reduce friction. Honda engineers tuned the engine components including the piston to help improve fuel-efficiency. In order to do so the engineers have modified shape of the area around the piston and also made minor adjustments in the surface configuration. They gave a patterned surface to the piston coating to ensure reduction of friction and enhanced fuel-efficiency.


Auto-Tensioner with Drive-Belt


Auto tensioners help automatic regulation of the closing and opening of the intake and exhaust valves of the engine. When fitted with the drive belt, it helps in controlling the tension of the timing belts which further monitors the ignition timings. Honda engineers fitted the auto-tensioner with the auxiliary drive belt that connects the crankshaft and the camshaft. The tensioner in connection with the drive-belt absorbs all variations in the tension created due to speed changes. This regulation eventually helps improve fuel-efficiency.


Plastic Covering


It’s a fact that the car weight plays a significant role in increasing or reducing fuel-efficiency. If the weight of the car is more, the engine will need more power to pull the car and if the weight is reduced, comparatively less power is required for acceleration. With this fact, Honda’s engineers decided to reduce the car weight by replacing aluminum engine cover with plastic covers. This has reduced the weight of the engine by about one kilogram, thereby reducing overall weight of the car and increasing fuel-efficiency.


Car Reviews Of New Cars

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This article contains brief notes on the new cars launched in India. The car reviews of these new cars provide an insight into the actual selves of the newcomers.

BMW X3: With a sports car performance, this convertible is just right for daily drives. The 4.0L 8-cylinder engine gives an excellent power output of 420 bhp.

BMW M6 Series Convertible: Except for the retractable top, the convertible is very similar to the M6 coupe. It comes with a 7-speed manual gearbox, and the 5-litre petrol engine generates 500.

Jaguar XKR Convertible: This is an all-aluminum built convertible with a powerful 5-litre engine giving out 503 bhp. It can zoom from 0-100 km/hr in just 4.8 seconds. It comes with advanced features including the SmartKey keyless entry system.

Audi R8: This dynamic sports car has a 4.2L engine offering 420 bhp. The light weight and the car’s all-wheel drive system add to its performance.

Audi TT Coupe: The car’s 3.2-litre V6 petrol engine can churn out 250 bhp. Climate and cruise control are standard with LCD option. The car is also equipped with plenty of safety features like ABS and an engine immobilizer.

BMW M3: The stylish luxury car is powered by a 4.0L V8 engine.

BMW M Series Coupe: The 5-litre V10 petrol engine churns out 500 bhp. The elegantly designed car has a 7-speed sequential manual gearbox that allows smooth shifting of gears.

Jaguar XKR Coupe: The car flaunts a sleek all-aluminum body and has a 5.0-litre V8 engine that delivers 503 bhp.

Nissan 370Z: It comes in 2 variants. The Touring Coupe MT and Touring Coupe AT are mated to 6-speed manual and 7-speed automatic transmission respectively. The car has a macho look and features an array of safety features.

Rolls Royce Phantom Coupe: The 6.75-litre V-12 engine delivers 453 bhp. The car has a fine blend of performance and style.

Rolls Royce Phantom Drophead Coupe: With a whole lot of safety features, the car is agile, versatile and a high performer. It comes with a 6.75-litre V-12 engine.

Mahindra Xylo: The 2.49-litre mEagle CRDe engine delivers 112 bhp. The four variants come in a range of elegant shades.

Maruti Suzuki Eeco: The car is roomy and priced just right. Seven people can comfortably fit in the 7STR STD variant.

Chevrolet Tavera Neo-2: The performance and dazzling looks of the car are awe inspiring.

Toyota Innova CNG: The dual-fuel MUV has a 12-kg CNG tank. The car is eco-friendly and fuel efficient.

Tata Xenon XT: The powerful car has a 2.2-litre DICOR diesel engine mated to the Variable Turbine Technology. The electrical shift-on-the-fly mechanism and the limited slip differential that helps improve stability are simply great.

BMW Z4: The car with a 3-litre six-cylinder petrol engine with a newly developed 7-speed sports automatic transmission offers matchless experience on the road.

Mercedes-Benz SLK-Class: This is the first roadster on the Indian road. It has a 3.5-litre V6 engine that gives 272 bhp. The car has real aggressive looks.

Chevrolet Cruze: A 2.0L VCDi I4 diesel engine with 5-speed manual transmission gives the car excellent power of 148 bhp.

Mercedes Benz E Class: Style, performance, luxury and performance; you get it all in this car. The 3.5-litre V-6 petrol engine delivers 268 bhp at 6000rpm.

New Audi A6: The car comes with a revolutionary design and modern features. It is a stylish car with a spacious cabin.

New Nissan Teana: The car has come back after the facelift. Its powerful 2.5-litre engine can deliver great power of 185 bhp.

Porsche Panamera: The sedan has the Cayenne SUV engine. It comes with modern features like a high-end surround sound system and Porsche ceramic composite brake.

Ford Figo: A small car that’s quite spacious and offers ultimate safety and the cool car is fit for the Indian youth.

Honda Jazz: The 9 bhp 1.2-litre SOHC 4 cylinder i-VTEC engine of this car has been specially designed for the Indian road. The interiors are spacious with the “Magic Seat” configuration.

Volkswagen Polo: The flashy comes in three petrol and diesel variants; Highline, Comfortline and Trendline. All variants come fully equipped with advanced safety features.

Ford Endeavor: The facelifted model with the contemporary look comes in two excellent variants. It has the perfect combination of distinctive looks and great features making it the ideal SUV.

Buy Quality Used Engines

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Today all of us have some automobiles and the most important part of it is engine, if engine breaks down then you have to buy a new engine or you may give it for repair and it might cost huge amount. Therefore if you have to buy the engine and you want it in your budget only then you could buy the used engines also.

Now you might think that used engines won’t work for too long and its quality should be bad as well, but there are many automotive companies are available who are providing the used engines by selecting the best engine and after checking the quality. They provides all types of used engines such as  Diesel engine , car engines, truck engines, auto engines and all these will be selected from different Salvage yards.

These companies have a big network of Salvage Yards, so whenever they will get the order of required engine, they first get all the details from the person of his automobile. Then that requirement is sent to all the Salvage Yards and related companies. Then they will select the engine which will be best for you on the basis of quality and the budget provided by you and that will be delivered to you.

You might think that these companies may deliver you the duplicate or bad engine but before making any order you should check that they are the Trusted Company and they should have a good network of salvage yards.

So if you want to buy an engine for your automobile you can buy the used engine from a good automobile Company and you will get the good quality engine from them which will be fit for your car and your budget as well.

Buying a Used engines for your automobile might looks like a risk but today there are many salvage yards and companies who are providing all types of quality used engines like Diesel engines, car engines, truck engines, auto engines. These companies have a large network of salvage yards from where they will find the best engine on the basis of your needs and your budget too. But always buy the used engines from the trusted company who has a good network and market.

New Cars Vs Used Cars

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It is true that your requirements, preferences and budget are the main factors that must be taken into account, while looking for a car for purchase. But at the same time, other factors such as depreciation, insurance, market reputation etc, should not be overlooked.

Buying a new car from a reputed car sales company is definitely an overwhelming and exciting experience. But for people with limited finance, used cars are not a bad option either. In fact, the second hand car market has grown to such an extent that today you can find all the latest models of cars, offered at cheap prices. If you perform a detailed search, then you can easily find a suitable used car for sale.

Deciding to buy a used car also proves to a smart step if you consider the depreciation rate of new cars. Depreciation is the reduction in the capital value of a given asset. In case of cars, the depreciation rate is very high, which is about 20 to 30%. A new car starts losing its value as soon as it is out of the showroom. A car becomes second hand, even if it’s just a month old.  Therefore it will be available at quite a lesser price compared to its original price. The older the car, the cheaper price it will be sold at. Hence, the second hand cars prove to be more cost effective.

Another factor which affects the car buying decision of a number of people is the insurance amount. If you plan to buy one of the latest Suzuki cars, instead of a second hand Honda, you will have to spend a larger amount in the insurance. This is because a new car’s insurance amount is higher than a used car.

No matter whether you finally decide to buy a new car or a used car, it is important that you collect all important information about the car’s performance and reputation in the market, so that you do not regret later. Arrive to a final conclusion after evaluating all the factors very closely.

Inspecting And Taking Possession Of The New Car

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When thinking about buying a new car, there are a number of things that you have to take into consideration. When many people here the idea of inspecting a new car, it just does not seem practical. Why would you need to inspect a factory built vehicle that has not even been driven at all since its manufacture? Many people have been known to misinterpret the statement of inspecting and taking possession of a new car. Let’s take a look at the true and real meaning of what it actually is trying to state.

The true meaning

When buying a car, whether it is new or old, you will obviously want to check the car before making a purchase. Checking a car to see if it is damaged or not seems understandable when buying a used vehicle but what is the logic behind doing the exact same when buying a new car? The concept of inspecting your new car is in relation to making sure whether or not this is the actual car that you want to buy. Seeing as we are faced with tough financial times, we are no longer at a luxury to transfer car financing loans from one vehicle to another. As a result, we are required to make the correct decision the first time around.

The well known phrase of “your eyes being larger than your stomach” is the same principal when it comes to buying a brand new car. Many of us feel that we need a particular car when in actual fact it is something that we want, but may not necessarily need. Being able to distinguish between what you need and what you want in the current financial crisis is the key to being able to “fight” this tough time. Opting for the wrong vehicle altogether could end up seeing you in even more debt than you already are. For this reason, it is important that you take a bit of time inspecting which new car to go with and why.

The process

There are many ways through which a person can go about in inspecting the perfect car for themselves and their family. You need to start off by deciding what you need first. Make a small list of the compulsory requirements that your vehicle must have. Keep in mind that this list should not contain things such as eighteen inch rims or lowered sports suspension, but stick to the bare necessities. You should be looking to write something along the lines of, can hold four passengers, is fuel efficient, and etc. You may be required to write the list a few times to get the final draft correct. By the end of the whole process, you should find yourself with a maximum of four to five items on the list.

The smaller you keep your list, the wider variety you will have to choose from. Having too many specifics will limit your choices which in the end may turn out to be quite expensive. After having decided what you need in a car, the best place to start looking would be online. Seeing as more businesses have diverted their attention to the online market, there is no real surprise to know that the market has seen an increase in the number of online car dealers. The great thing about online car dealers in comparison to traditional car dealers is that they are known to offer a wider variety of cars at a much cheaper price than the current market value. Also, it is much easier and quicker to compare prices online.

Modification and tuning a car to get a new look and performance

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Is your beloved visiting you after a long time? Is she fond of cars? Do you plan to take her on a long drive? If yes, then why don’t you get the servicing of your vehicle done? You can get an enhanced performance so that the car can run smoothly while you are going for a romantic drive. For this, you need to opt for car tuning service. Additionally, you can also let your car look brand new by changing the body. Modification the car’s appearance and enhancement of the performance will prove to be the best option. Your partner will be extremely delighted to see a brand new exterior of your car. So, are you ready for modifying and tuning car? Like you, there are numerous car owners who have opted for this service and got a powerful vehicle that attracts attention. In case you want to know more about this solution, you can seek recommendation from your friends, colleagues or relatives. You will be advised to install a spoiler and even lower the car a bit so that you can gain better control while driving. Besides, you can also look upon to online forms to know more about tuning the car.

As the practice of modifying cars has also become extremely popular, experts around the globe offer this service as well. Several specialized companies have established their car tuning and modification business in their locality. Additionally, they have also come up with a website so that the owners can seek modification advice from the comfort of their home.

Thus, if you are looking for some tips on car engines, then the experts will provide you with engine tuning tips. They understand that this part is often subject for modification; therefore they wouldn’t mind sharing the valuable guidelines with their clients. With this, the car owners will be able to maintain the engine’s performance and even avoid the wear and tear for a long time. So, you can gain the necessary knowledge from the professionals on the web. In case you want to increase the speed and power of your engine, then it is advisable not to do it on your own. As it needs some working on the engine, let the trained and experienced person do the needful. The professional engine tuning service will take care of other aspects like steering and brakes too. It is said that the car will not be able to handle the modification of engine alone; as steering and brakes are the supporting systems, they should be modified as well.

Many assume that if the car has to be completely customized, it will prove to be quite expensive. But, tuning car from an online source can prove to be an affordable option. The cost involved is marginally less. Besides, you can be assured of getting an attractive car in terms of the appearance as well as performance.

Are you worried about the scams on the net? Well, you will find a number of reliable service providers with an expertise of modifying the car.

New Car Guideline For New Buyers

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They will help you avoid messy situations like seeing a last-minute price hike in your car and will also tell you about your new car insurance and loan.

While performing an online search, consider cars that suit your lifestyle and budget. Is your car going to help you get to work every day, or will it be reserved for the weekend? Based on this and the size of your family, decide if you want a compact car, a sedan or an SUV. What features do you want your car to feature? Most web sites have loan calculators. See if the EMI is affordable.

Once the initial online research is done, you need to go through market surveys. This will ensure you are not over paying for your car. You may then locate dealers and get the prices confirmed. Get as many new car quotes as possible. Narrow your search further. Choose cars with attractive incentives and rebates. At the same time beware of hidden incentives. See how much you will need in case you are opting for a new car loan. Also, calculate the interest. You may end up paying too much interest. Do your research well, choose the right lender and avoid the high rates.

Cars come in different packages with different rates and features. Be sure you choose the right package and pay no additional charges. Safety, mileage and other features of importance need to be cross checked. Confirm if the feature-rich car that the dealer has shown you is the one that will reach your doorstep at the same price.

It is healthy to read expert reviews on the new car you choose to buy. It will help remove confusion embedded in the corner of your mind that your dealer may not put across convincingly. Analyze the seating capacity, power of the engine, mileage and other technical details. Compare the car you’ve chosen with other vehicles. Added benefits in other cars may get added to your mind and your decision may change. Better late than never. It will save you the regret post purchase of the car.

Once you’ve finalized the car, ask the dealer about incentives. Inspect the car well. Sit inside it, go for a test drive, and touch the exteriors and interiors for unsightly gaps. Check for comfort, noise, power, handling and braking. Do not forget to enquire about warranty, extended warranty and service contract options. Car insurance is a must. Review various insurance companies and make the right choice. Do not skip the process of comparing insurance rates.

We do not buy cars every other day. So, it is very important to buy it right the first time.

Used Car Engine Oil Filtering Purifier

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1. This series designed specially for high voltage oil and oil used in diluted oil station of power plant. The Purifier have obtained country patent (patent no. is ZL200420061086. 0) and suitable for high viscosity oil treatment.
2. As the new patent technology Vacuum-segregating is adopt the separated equipment of inflator (Patent No. ZL200420060968. 5) employs particular spinning disk and stainless steel machine with dehydration and air pump and enlarges the area of segregating and coming to three-dimensional evaporation so that obtain the enough time to boil away. In this way purifier could achieve the best effect.
3. Using new type of heating equipment (Patent No. ZL02276238. 8), it can reduce heating burthen and extend oil life.
4. The water cycled vacuum-pump from abroad lubricates by coolant (or water) and that it never afraid that air enter in the vacuum-pump. It will solve your problem that the spinning vacuum-pump which using fluid as medium need always exchange oil.
5. Oil level control adopt photoelectric way which the main components is imported from Switzerland and have features of sensitive control, exactitude so much as feel the spume of oil. Spurting oil phenomena is never appeared. (spurting prevention Patent No. ZL200420060973. 6)
6. With advantages of no leakage. low noise and long using life, this series of products adopt special high viscosity oil pump which be airproofed by our factory.
7. In order to meet customer’s needs of choosing right filter, we have scientific design and exact filter assemblies which could exchange by ones abroad. Both cost and oil disposal effect are good. Simultaneity, when we choose the abroad filter assemblies, the plant could keep oil expedite by equipped high voltage protecting system.
8. The plant is all made of stainless steel without adding antirust so that working uninterruptedly.

Mahindra New Cars

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Since 1945, Mahindra and Mahindra or M&M has been producing great cars for the Indian roads. In this article, let’s have a look at the car maker’s current inventory of new cars in India. Mahindra & Mahindra (M&M) is best known for cars in India, but the company is also active in both, IT and financial services, steel processing, and infrastructure. M&M made its entry into the passenger car segment with the Logan in April 2007 under the Mahindra Renault joint venture.

The Mahindra Bolero, a Mahindra new car in India, has plenty of variants to choose from. The spacious off-road car personifies ruggedness, durability and economic maintenance. The SLX, SLE, XL, XLS, MDI, DI, and VLX CRDe are the different variants it comes in and 2.5-litre engine carried by all these variants suits the Indian roads just perfect. The powerful turbocharged diesel engine delivers 63-68 bhp of power and 180 Nm of torque. Other Mahindra new cars in India that fall in this category are the Mahindra Bolero Camper which is the pickup version of the Bolero and the Mahindra Bolero Pik-Up in three choices – Flat Bed, Flat Bed with Power Steering, and Flat Bed CNG.

The Mahindra Maxx is a rough and tough passenger car from Mahindra for the rough and tough terrains of India. Base, LX, TX and Festara are the four main variants of the Maxx. Though a macho vehicle, the Maxx has attractive seats with elite fabric upholstery. The 2.1-litre 4-cylinder direct injection turbo diesel engine is capable of churning out 62 bhp of power at 4500 rpm and a maximum torque of 120Nm at 2000 rpm. It is mated to a 5-speed manual transmission for smooth rides even on the rough roads. Other Mahindra new cars in India that fall in this category are the Maxx Maxi Truck, Maxx Pick-Up and Maxx Pick-Up Chassis.

We have another Mahindra new car in India that is not there in the other car markets. The Mahindra Maxximo, is an automobile that arrests the concealed and expressed needs of the car buyer in India. The 0.9L engine is capable of delivering 25 bhp of power. The Maxximo is equipped with a 4-speed automatic gearbox that shifts crisply and accurately. A mobile charging facility, LSPV (Load Sensing Proportionate Valve) brakes, dual-mounted sun-visor, drive-by-wire accelerator system, well-cushioned ouble-toned seats, convenient dead pedal are all present in the Mahindra Maxximo.

The Mahindra Scorpio, a Mahindra new car in India is the first car one in the nation complying with the BS IV emission norms. It is available in an array of variants: the LX, SLE, VLX, VLX BS4, and VLX Automatic. The 2.2-litre 4-cylinder turbocharged mHawk diesel engine present in all these variants is packed with 120 bhp of power. The engine on the top-end VLX model is integrated with the new micro hybrid technology that enhances fuel efficiency. This particular Mahindra new car is tagged as the Mighty Muscular in India.

The Scorpio Getaway, another Mahindra new car in India, is regarded as the global lifestyle SUV of the car maker Mahindra and Mahindra. The car comes in two variants – 2.6 2WD and 2.6 4WD. Both variants are equipped with a 2.6L turbocharged CRDe diesel motor. This engine is mated to a five speed manual transmission that comes standard in both variants. The interiors are unusually spacious and appealing. They are crafted with the most excellent materials and come with plenty of standard convenience features.

Next comes another Mahindra new car in India; the Mahindra Xylo, a completely developed MPV for modern India. The latest technology, amazing styling, great performance and high standards of safety is what one can expect from the Mahindra Xylo. E2, E4, E6, E8, E8 ABS and D2 are the six diesel variants that the car comes in. Except for the D2 which has a 2.5L mDI CRDe engine which churns out 95 bhp, all other variants are equipped with a turbocharged 2.5-litre m-Eagle engine that delivers 112 bhp. The car can sprint from 0 to 60 km an hour in just 6.6 seconds.


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